The largest square in Vietnam is located where?

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Squares are one of the attractions for tourists when visiting a city. It is not only a place where people and architecture intersect, but also a symbol of the development and civilization of a country. In this article, let’s explore the largest square in Vietnam – a place with special historical and cultural significance.

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History and development of the largest square in Vietnam

The largest square in Vietnam today is Ba Dinh Square, located in the center of the capital Hanoi. The name Ba Dinh is derived from an ancient area where many important historical events of the country took place.

In the 19th century, during the French occupation of Vietnam, Ba Dinh Square was built in the style of Paris squares and named Lyautey Square. However, after the war, this square was renamed Ba Dinh Square and became a venue for commemorative activities and important events of the country.

In 1975, when Vietnam was reunified, Ba Dinh Square also became the venue for the Reunification Day and National Day celebrations of Vietnam. In 1987, a monument of Uncle Ho (Ho Chi Minh) was erected here to commemorate the leader who led the successful revolution and liberation of the country.

Since then, Ba Dinh Square has become a symbol of the unity and independence of Vietnam, attracting millions of domestic and foreign tourists to visit and commemorate the history of the country.

Significant architectural structures in the largest square in Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square covers an area of ​​over 32,000m2, including many prominent architectural structures with special historical significance. Below are some of the representative buildings in this square:

1. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

  • Opening hours: Open every day of the week except Monday and Friday 
  • Hot season (April – October): Weekdays: 7:30 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. Weekends and holidays: 7:30 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. 
  • Cold season (November – March): Weekdays: 8:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. Weekends and holidays: 8:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m. 
  • If May 19, September 2, and the first day of Lunar New Year fall on Monday and Friday, the Mausoleum still opens for normal visits. 
  • Ticket price: There is no ticket for Vietnamese people. For foreign tourists, the ticket price is 25,000 Vietnamese dong.

The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is located right behind the Square, and it was built on September 2, 1973, on the old foundation of the ceremonial building. The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is the final resting place of President Ho Chi Minh. Since its inauguration, more than 60 million people have visited the Mausoleum, including over 11 million international visitors. For the Vietnamese people, visiting the Mausoleum is like an emotional need, an indispensable tradition. The Mausoleum is constructed with simple yet sacred architecture, avoiding extravagant and intricate designs.

With its unique architecture entirely made of stone and its sacred historical significance, the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum welcomes thousands of visitors every day. The busiest times are during April 30th and September 2nd.

2. Ho Chi Minh Museum

  • Opening hours: Every day from 8:00 AM to 11:30 AM, except Mondays and Fridays.
  • Ticket price: Free for Vietnamese visitors. For international visitors, it’s 40,000 Vietnamese dong.

Located to the south of Ba Dinh Square, the Ho Chi Minh Museum is a favorite destination for many domestic and foreign tourists when exploring Hanoi. This structure features modern style with large panels, bold shapes, and vigorous lines.

Not only a place for exhibiting and preserving documents, artifacts, and images reflecting the life and career of President Ho Chi Minh, the museum also has display floors with themes about Vietnamese images, culture, and other interesting historical topics.

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3. Presidential Palace

This is where Uncle Ho used to be the Party and State Chairman. After his passing, the Presidential Palace became one of his memorabilia and still serves as the workplace for the President and Vice President. Although visitors are not allowed inside, tourists enjoy taking photos in front of the Palace due to its classic French architecture and elegance.

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4. Stilt House and Ho Chi Minh Fish Pond Area

  • Opening hours: Morning: 7:30 AM – 11:00 AM, Afternoon: 1:30 PM – 4:00 PM.
  • Ticket price: Vietnamese: Free, Foreigners: 25,000 Vietnamese dong.

The Stilt House and Fish Pond area is where Uncle Ho used to live and work as the current State President. The simple stilt house still preserves artifacts including furniture and documents he used. To relax after stressful working hours, Uncle Ho often walked around the pond and fed the fish. The Stilt House represents his personality and lifestyle: simple, close to nature, and rich in national identity.

5. One Pillar Pagoda

  • Opening hours: 7:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Ticket price: Vietnamese: Free; Foreigners: 25,000 Vietnamese dong

As a famous temple with unique architecture, located about 3.5km from Ba Dinh Square, One Pillar Pagoda is certainly a familiar landmark in Hanoi’s thousand-year-old cultural heritage. Situated in the park behind Ong Ich Khiem Street, right next to the Ba Dinh Square complex and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, One Pillar Pagoda features a distinctive architecture resembling a lotus blossom rising from the water.

Activities in the Largest Square in Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square is not only the venue for commemorative activities and important events of the country, but also a hub for cultural and entertainment activities attracting tourists.

1. Significance of the Largest Square in Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square holds a special historical and cultural significance for Vietnam. It is a place where human and architectural elements converge, showcasing the development and civilization of a nation.

Moreover, this square is a symbol of Vietnam’s unity and independence, serving as a memorial site to honor the national heroes who sacrificed for the cause of national liberation.

2. Cultural Activities at the Largest Square in Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square hosts numerous cultural and entertainment activities that attract both domestic and international tourists. Every day, thousands of visitors come here to explore and commemorate the country’s history.

Furthermore, during major holidays such as National Day, Reunification Day, Lunar New Year, etc., Ba Dinh Square becomes a venue for cultural, artistic, and entertainment events that attract a large number of people.

Important Events That Have Taken Place at the Largest Square in Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square has witnessed many significant historical events of Vietnam, especially during the struggle for independence and national reunification. Here are some memorable events that have occurred at this square:

  • 1945: President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence at Ba Dinh Square, marking the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1975: Ba Dinh Square was the venue for the Reunification Day and National Day celebrations of Vietnam after the country’s reunification.
  • 1987: The Ho Chi Minh Statue was inaugurated at Ba Dinh Square.
  • 2000: The 1000th Anniversary of Thang Long – Hanoi was celebrated at Ba Dinh Square.
  • 2016: The first lights festival in Vietnam was held at Ba Dinh Square.

Guide on How to Get to Ba Dinh Square

Ba Dinh Square is located in the central area of Ba Dinh District, so you can easily get there by private or public transport.

If you’re traveling by car, remember to note down two parking spots:

– Ông Ích Khiêm Street, opposite the Guard Command Headquarters of the Mausoleum

– Ngọc Hà Street, entrance to the Ho Chi Minh Museum

If you choose to take the bus, you can consider some routes passing by Ba Dinh Square as follows:

– Bus number 09: Lakeside – Lakeside

– Bus number 33: Yen Nghia Bus Station – Xuan Dinh

– Bus number 22: Gia Lam Bus Station – Kim Ma

– Bus number 45: Times City – Nam Thang Long Bus Station

– Bus number 50: Long Bien – National Stadium

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Tips for Visiting Ba Dinh Square

Here are some tips for visiting Ba Dinh Square and nearby attractions:

– Visiting Ba Dinh Square is completely free, so you can come and go as you please.

– Do not step on the grass, sit on it, or litter at the square.

– If you visit Ba Dinh Square during flag-raising or flag-lowering ceremonies, take a few minutes to look at the flagpole and participate in the flag-raising ritual and national anthem singing. It will surely be an emotional and unforgettable experience.

– Visiting the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is only allowed in the morning; in the afternoon, you can visit other destinations within the complex.

– When visiting the Mausoleum, dress modestly and respectfully to show reverence to Uncle Ho.

– Children under 3 years old are not allowed into the Mausoleum.

Ba Dinh Square is a must-visit destination in Hanoi. With its special history and development, it symbolizes the unity and independence of Vietnam. Setting foot here is a definite aspiration for all Vietnamese people. Moreover, Ba Dinh Square is also a venue for many cultural and entertainment activities that attract tourists both domestically and internationally. If you have the opportunity to visit Hanoi, take advantage of it to explore and learn about the largest square in Vietnam!

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