Native Characteristics in Landscape Design – Concepts, Roles, Factors, and Exploitation Methods

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Landscape design is an art and science aimed at creating beautiful, comfortable, and harmonious living, working, and recreational spaces that blend seamlessly with nature. In the process of landscape design, the concept of native character is considered a crucial factor, playing a decisive role in the success of a project.

Native character in landscape design represents the distinctive features of a land, region, or country in landscape design. This is a highly significant concept widely applied in the fields of architecture and landscape design. Native character can be expressed in various aspects, including natural, cultural, and historical elements.

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The Concept of Native Character in Landscape Design

Native character in landscape design is the combination of natural elements and the cultural, historical values of a region. It reflects the diversity and richness of an area, creating uniqueness and distinctiveness for the designed space.

According to landscape design experts, native character is an indispensable element in the design process. It contributes to the diversity and richness of the landscape, bringing forth the distinctive cultural and historical values of a region.

The Role of Native Character in Landscape Design

Native character plays a crucial role in creating beautiful, comfortable, and harmonious living, working, and recreational spaces that blend seamlessly with nature. The main roles of native character in landscape design include:

  • Creating unique and distinctive landscapes: Native character helps create landscapes with a distinct identity for each region or country. This contributes to the diversity and richness of urban, rural, and tourist landscapes,…
  • Conserving and promoting cultural values: Native character is an integral part of the culture and history of a region. Exploiting native character in landscape design contributes to the preservation and promotion of the traditional cultural values of the locality.
  • Creating a harmonious living environment with nature: Native character helps landscape design integrate with nature, creating a harmonious and friendly living environment for people.

Native Elements in Landscape Design

Native character in landscape design can be expressed at various levels, from small details like plant types and materials to large-scale spaces such as parks and urban areas. The main native elements in landscape design include:

Native Character in Urban Landscapes

In urban landscape design, native character can be demonstrated through the use of natural and cultural elements of the locality. Natural elements include topography, geology, climate, ecosystems, etc. Cultural elements encompass tangible and intangible cultural values, customs, lifestyles,…

Utilizing native character in urban landscape design helps create living, working, and recreational spaces that harmonize with nature while honoring and preserving the traditional cultural values of the locality.

Using Native Plant Species: In urban landscape design, using native plant species helps create refreshing green spaces, purify the air, and minimize pollution. Native plants are well-suited to the local climate and terrain, able to withstand harsh conditions such as pollution and drought,…

For example, in Northern Vietnam, native plant species like Bauhinia, Milk Flower, Mango trees are commonly used in urban landscape design.

Using Native Materials: In urban landscape design, utilizing native materials fosters a connection between structures and the surrounding environment. Simultaneously, using native materials helps reduce transportation costs and environmental impact.

For example, in Central Vietnam, materials like Bazan stone and ceramic tiles are often used in urban landscape design.

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Native Character in Rural Landscapes

In rural landscape design, native character plays a crucial role in creating living and working spaces that harmonize with nature and meet the needs of local residents. The native elements in rural landscapes include:

Using Native Plant Species: Using native plant species in rural landscape design helps create green spaces, purify the air, and enhance biodiversity. Additionally, using native plants contributes to the preservation and promotion of the cultural values of the locality.

For example, in Southern Vietnam, native plant species such as mango trees, pomelo trees, coconut trees,… are commonly used in rural landscape design.

Using Native Materials: Using native materials in rural landscape design fosters a connection between structures and the surrounding environment. Moreover, using native materials helps reduce transportation costs and protects the environment.

For example, in Central Vietnam, materials like Bazan stone and ceramic tiles are often used in rural landscape design.

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Native Character in Ecological Landscapes

In ecological landscape design, native character plays a crucial role in conserving and promoting the values of local ecosystems. The native elements in ecological landscapes include:

Conserving Local Ecosystems: Conserving local ecosystems in ecological landscape design helps maintain the balance and biodiversity of the environment. Simultaneously, conserving ecosystems also creates living and working spaces that harmonize with nature.

For example, in the Mekong Delta region, conserving and developing the Mekong Delta ecosystem in landscape design helps maintain the balance and biodiversity of this area.

Using Native Plant Species: Using native plant species in ecological landscape design helps create refreshing green spaces, purify the air, and enhance biodiversity. Additionally, using native plants contributes to the preservation and promotion of the cultural values of the locality.

For example, in Central Vietnam, native plant species such as mango trees, pomelo trees, coconut trees,… are commonly used in ecological landscape design.

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Native Character in Tourist Landscapes

In tourist landscape design, native character plays a crucial role in creating living and working spaces that harmonize with nature and cater to the needs of travelers. The native elements in tourist landscapes include:

Honoring and Preserving Local Cultural Values: Honoring and preserving local cultural values in tourist landscape design helps maintain and promote the distinctive features of the local culture. Additionally, honoring cultural values attracts tourists and adds diversity to the tourism industry.

For example, in Northern Vietnam, honoring and preserving the cultural values of ethnic minorities such as the Hmong, Dao, Tay,… in tourist landscape design contributes to diversity and attracts tourists.

Using Native Plant Species: Using native plant species in tourist landscape design helps create refreshing green spaces, purify the air, and enhance biodiversity. Additionally, using native plants contributes to the preservation and promotion of the cultural values of the locality.

For example, in Southern Vietnam, native plant species such as mango trees, pomelo trees, coconut trees,… are commonly used in tourist landscape design.

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Methods of Exploiting Native Character in Landscape Design

Exploiting native character in landscape design can be carried out through various methods, depending on the purpose and conditions of each area. Here are some methods of exploiting native character in landscape design:

Using Native Elements

This method focuses on using native elements available in the local area to create landscape spaces. For example: using native plant species, using native materials,…

Recreating Native Elements

This method focuses on recreating native elements that have been lost or no longer exist in the local area. For example: restoring the local ecosystem, reintroducing native plant species,…

Combining Native and Modern Elements

This method combines native elements with modern elements to create diverse landscape spaces suitable for users’ needs. For example: combining native plant species with industrial greenery, combining native materials with modern materials,…

The Benefits of Native Character in Landscape Design

Exploiting native character in landscape design brings about numerous benefits for both the environment and people, including:

  • Preserving and promoting local cultural values.
  • Creating living, working, and recreational spaces harmonious with nature.
  • Minimizing negative human impacts on the environment.
  • Fostering biodiversity and maintaining ecological balance.
  • Enhancing sustainability and sustainable development for the local community.

Challenges in Exploiting Native Characteristics in Landscape Design

Although exploiting native characteristics in landscape design brings about numerous benefits, it also poses several challenges, including:

  • Shortage and loss of native elements due to human impact.
  • Difficulties in reproducing native elements that have been lost or no longer exist.
  • Competition between native and modern elements in landscape utilization.
  • Challenges in adapting and applying native exploitation methods to specific regions.

Native characteristics play a crucial role in landscape design, contributing significantly to creating harmonious living and working spaces with nature and meeting human needs. While exploiting native characteristics in landscape design offers various benefits for the environment and people, it simultaneously presents many challenges. Therefore, conserving and promoting native characteristics in landscape design is essential to ensure sustainable development for the local community.

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