Exploring the current state of landscape greenery in Ho Chi Minh City

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Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) is one of the largest economic, political, and cultural centers of Vietnam. With an area of over 2,000 km2 and a population of over 9 million people, HCMC faces many environmental challenges, including the issue of landscape greenery. Despite the city’s efforts in protecting and developing green spaces, it seems not to fully meet the needs of the residents. Let’s explore the current state of landscape greenery in HCMC with Tay Au Landscape in this article!

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Current State of Landscape Greenery in HCMC

HCMC is experiencing a severe shortage of green spaces, with the ratio of public green land being the lowest among the country’s urban areas, only about 0.55m2/person.

The current situation shows that the rate of park and green space development in the city is inversely proportional to the population growth and urbanization rate, affecting the lives and amenities of the residents.

Furthermore, the distribution of landscape greenery in HCMC is uneven, mainly concentrated in central areas such as District 1, District 3, and some other districts. Suburban areas and some peripheral districts like Binh Tan, Hoc Mon, and Cu Chi lack landscape greenery.

Common Types of Greenery in HCMC Landscape

Almond Tree

The almond tree (Platanus orientalis) is the most common tree in HCMC’s landscape. The almond tree has the advantage of being green all year round, with a wide canopy providing good shade. The almond tree adapts well to the tropical humid climate of this city.

Almond trees are planted along the main roads, squares, and parks of the city. However, some almond trees are aging and deteriorating due to a lack of timely care.

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The Dipterocarpus tree (Dipterocarpus alatus) is a type of tree commonly planted in parks and gardens in HCMC. The Dipterocarpus tree has a wide canopy and green leaves all year round, providing good shade.

Dipterocarpus trees are also quite common in the city’s landscape, though not as numerous as almond trees. Some old and tall Dipterocarpus trees also need regular care and maintenance.

Tamarind Tree

The tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) is commonly planted in parks and gardens in Ho Chi Minh City. The tamarind tree has a wide canopy and green leaves all year round, adding beauty to the landscape.

Additionally, the tamarind tree bears edible fruit, contributing to the landscape’s value and usability for residents. However, the number of tamarind trees in HCMC’s landscape is still not substantial.

Frangipani Tree

The frangipani tree (Plumeria rubra) is often planted along streets and in parks in HCMC. The frangipani tree has beautiful flowers and green leaves all year round, creating a cool atmosphere for the space.

The frangipani tree is also quite common in the city’s landscape, especially in central areas. However, the number of frangipani trees has not yet reached the desired level.

Royal Poinciana Tree

The royal poinciana tree (Delonix regia) is often planted in parks and schools in HCMC. The royal poinciana tree has beautiful flowers and a wide canopy, adding beauty to the space.

The royal poinciana tree is also favored by the city’s residents, though the number of planted trees is still not significant. Care and maintenance of royal poinciana trees also need more attention.

The Impact of Greenery on the Environment in HCMC

Creating Green Spaces

Landscape greenery contributes to creating green, airy spaces for HCMC. Planting greenery in public areas, along roads, and in residential areas not only enhances beauty but also helps reduce stress and provides a sense of comfort for residents.

Green landscapes also serve as places for activities, recreation, and relaxation for everyone in the city, playing an important role in improving the quality of life.

Noise Reduction

Landscape greenery has the ability to absorb noise from the surrounding environment, helping to reduce the noise pressure from traffic and social activities on HCMC residents. Especially trees with dense foliage and green canopies can effectively block wind and act as sound barriers.

Planting trees not only beautifies the city but also helps reduce noise levels, creating a peaceful living environment for urban residents.

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Improving Community Spirit

Landscape greenery creates spaces for community interaction, meetings, and communication. Having more trees in public areas attracts residents, fostering connections and interactions among people.

Green spaces also host cultural, artistic, and community educational activities, contributing to creating a civilized, friendly, and connected living environment.

Improving Air Quality

Landscape greenery plays a crucial role in improving air quality in HCMC. Trees can absorb carbon dioxide, produce oxygen, and filter pollutants such as dust and toxic gases from the air.

This is particularly significant in HCMC, where air pollution is a serious environmental issue due to high population density, traffic, and industrial activities.

Temperature Regulation

Landscape greenery also helps regulate temperature, contributing to addressing the issue of heat pollution in HCMC. Trees can absorb heat and provide shade, helping to lower air temperatures, especially during the summer.

Planting more trees will help reduce temperatures, create a cooler feeling, and alleviate the pressure on air conditioning systems in residential areas and parks.

Toxic Gas Absorption

Landscape greenery has the ability to absorb toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, benzene, and more from the surrounding environment. This helps improve air quality and reduce the risk of health problems caused by air pollution.

In HCMC, with its high traffic density and active industrial activities, planting landscape greenery to absorb harmful substances is very necessary.

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Areas with the Best Landscape Greenery in HCMC

In HCMC, there are several areas that are considered to have excellent landscape greenery systems, making them desirable places to live. These areas are well-maintained and invested in, creating a green, clean, and beautiful living environment for residents.

Tao Dan Park

Tao Dan Park is one of the largest and most beautiful parks in HCMC. With its rich greenery providing cool shade, the park creates a green highlight in the heart of the city, making it an ideal destination for residents to relax and enjoy their weekends.

Gia Dinh Park

Gia Dinh Park is also one of the green spots in HCMC, with a diverse green system that creates an open and airy space. The park is a gathering place for various recreational, entertainment, and sports activities for residents.

Phu My Hung Urban Area

Phu My Hung is one of the modern and green urban areas in HCMC. With a well-planned green system, utilizing green spaces, Phu My Hung provides a comfortable and convenient living environment for its residents.

Challenges in Maintaining and Developing Landscape Greenery in HCMC

Although having a landscape greenery system in HCMC brings many benefits, it also faces several challenges in maintenance and development. Here are some challenges that need to be addressed:

Air Pollution

Air pollution is one of the major challenges in maintaining and developing landscape greenery in HCMC. Polluted environments affect the health of trees, reducing their ability to absorb CO2 and produce oxygen.

To address this challenge, measures must be taken to reduce air pollution and protect the living environment for trees to thrive.

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Lack of Proper Care and Maintenance

The lack of proper care and maintenance is a significant challenge in maintaining and developing landscape greenery in HCMC. Due to inconsistent management practices, many trees are not timely cared for, leading to deterioration and drying out.

Enhancing the care and maintenance of landscape greenery is essential to preserve and develop the city’s green system.

Insufficient Investment Resources

Insufficient investment resources also pose a major challenge to the maintenance and development of landscape greenery in HCMC. Investment in greenery has not been prioritized, and the budget for tree care and maintenance remains limited.

To overcome this challenge, local authorities need to focus more on this issue, and support from organizations and businesses is required to invest in and develop the city’s landscape greenery system.

Measures to Protect and Develop Landscape Greenery in HCMC

To protect and develop landscape greenery in HCMC, specific and effective measures are needed from both the authorities and the community. Here are some important measures:

Enhancing Care and Maintenance of Trees

Enhancing the care and maintenance of landscape greenery is crucial for maintaining and developing the green system in HCMC. There should be regular care plans, health checks for trees, and timely interventions when problems arise.

Additionally, pest control and nutrient supplementation for trees are not frequently and uniformly conducted. Many trees are cut down or dry out due to lack of care.

Community Awareness and Role

Community awareness about the role and importance of landscape greenery in HCMC is still lacking. Many people do not recognize the value of trees for the living environment and may even engage in behaviors that damage the greenery.

Moreover, community participation in protecting and developing landscape greenery is limited. There are not many active community activities such as planting and caring for trees in residential areas.

Investment Resources

Investment resources for the management and development of landscape greenery in HCMC are still limited. The budget allocated for new plantings, care, and maintenance of trees falls short of actual needs.

Many landscape greenery development projects are not prioritized for investment, while infrastructure construction projects receive more attention. This leads to a lack of greenery, especially in the suburban areas of the city.

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Effective Landscape Greenery Management Model for HCMC

To effectively manage the landscape greenery system in HCMC, a stringent management model needs to be established, including the following steps:

Determine a Greenery Classification Plan

It is necessary to clearly identify the types of trees suitable for HCMC’s climate and terrain conditions. Specific regulations on planting locations, care, and maintenance should be established to optimize the effectiveness of the greenery system.

Establish a Regular Monitoring and Inspection System

A regular monitoring and inspection system should be established to assess the health status of trees, enabling timely interventions when problems arise. Maintaining the lushness and vibrancy of greenery will enhance the effectiveness of management efforts.

Create Policies to Encourage Community Participation

Policies should be developed to encourage community participation in protecting and developing landscape greenery. Through tree planting and care, people will better understand the value of greenery and contribute to maintaining a green, clean, and beautiful environment in the city.

The above highlights the current state of landscape greenery in HCMC. Maintaining and developing landscape greenery not only provides a better living environment but also enhances the beauty of this modern city. We hope that through the information provided by Tay Au Landscape, the city will continue to develop its landscape greenery system, creating a green, clean, and beautiful living environment that is ideal for local residents and tourists. Let’s work together to protect the environment and create a greener, cleaner, and more beautiful city in the future!

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