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The landscape of public flower gardens – Roles, designs, and best management practices

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The landscape of public flower gardens is one of the crucial factors contributing to the appearance of a city. It not only brings a refreshing and wholesome beauty but also plays various important roles in the urban residents’ lives. This article will help you understand more about the roles of public flower garden landscapes, the factors to consider in design, and the best management practices for these public flower garden areas.

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The role of public flower garden landscapes in the city

In the context of increasing urbanization, the demand for green spaces among people is rising. Public flower gardens are an effective solution to meet this demand. With a large area and diversity in green plants, flowers, and landscaping, the public flower garden system not only provides a green, clean, and beautiful space but also plays a crucial role in the environment and the quality of urban life. This article will help you understand the concept, roles, and how to create an effective public flower garden system.

Public flower garden landscapes are not just simply lush green areas; they also play a significant role in improving the living environment, enhancing community health, and contributing to cultural and tourism development.

A public flower garden is a large land area planted with various types of green plants, flowers, and landscaping. It serves as a green, clean, and beautiful space for urban residents to rest, relax, play, and entertain. With the diversity of plants and flowers, public flower gardens bring a fresh and vibrant color to the urban landscape.

Improving the Living Environment

The greenery in public flower gardens helps absorb pollutants, dust, regulates air, creating a fresh and cool atmosphere for the city. Numerous studies have proven that having an adequate amount of greenery in the city helps reduce air pollution and improve air quality.

Public flower gardens are also habitats for various species of animals and plants, contributing to maintaining biodiversity in the city. This is increasingly important in the current context where cities are facing issues related to climate change and ecological imbalance.

  • Enhancing Community Health: Public flower gardens are ideal places for people to relax, exercise, engage in recreational activities, thereby improving both physical and mental health. Having a public flower garden nearby makes it easy for residents to access green spaces and participate in physical activities such as walking, jogging, or yoga.
  • Climate Regulation Effects: Green plants have the ability to absorb CO2, release O2, improving air quality and minimizing environmental pollution. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), planting greenery in urban areas can reduce up to 30% of CO2 levels in the air. Additionally, green plants can absorb harmful substances and dust in the air, making the air cleaner and reducing the risk of respiratory diseases.
  • Noise Reduction Effects: Green plants absorb noise, creating a quiet and relaxing space for residents. According to research from the German Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt), an area with sufficient greenery can reduce noise by up to 5 decibels, equivalent to a 50% reduction in noise levels. This is particularly important for urban areas with high population density and heavy traffic.
  • Temperature Regulation Effects: Green plants have the ability to lower temperatures, making the air cooler, especially on hot summer days. According to the Center for Environmental and Community Health Research (CRECH), planting greenery in urban areas can reduce temperatures by up to 8 degrees Celsius. This helps minimize the impact of the greenhouse effect and cools the surrounding space.

In addition, admiring green trees and leaves in the garden also has the effect of reducing stress, anxiety, and enhancing concentration. This is crucial for city dwellers, where busy lifestyles and work pressures often lead to stress and anxiety.

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Cultural and Tourism Development

Public flower gardens serve as a significant urban landscape focal point, contributing to making the city greener, cleaner, and more beautiful. With diversity in plant and flower types, public flower gardens bring a fresh color and become a prominent feature in the urban landscape. This has a positive impact on the psychology and spirit of the people, making them feel more comfortable and happy in life.

Public flower gardens can be venues for cultural activities, art exhibitions, festivals, attracting tourists for sightseeing and exploration. Having a beautiful and impressive public flower garden creates a focal point for the city, contributing to promotion and tourism development.

Moreover, public flower gardens are places for people to express love and care for the environment, contributing to building a green and sustainable city.

Factors to Consider in Designing Public Flower Garden Landscapes

To design public flower garden landscapes effectively, attention should be paid to geographical, economic, and aesthetic factors.

Geographical Factors

The location, terrain, climate, and soil conditions of the area need to be carefully studied to choose suitable greenery, arrange walkway systems, and create appropriate landscaping. For example, in areas with high terrain and dry climates, it is essential to select plants that can withstand drought well, such as succulents or oak trees, to avoid the issue of withering and dying plants.

Furthermore, the location of the public flower garden within the city should be considered. If it is situated in the city center, a dense greenery system is necessary to minimize pollution and create a cool green space amidst the bustling city.

Economic Factors

Investment and maintenance costs need to be balanced reasonably to ensure the sustainability of the flower garden. Choosing types of greenery, designing walkway systems, and landscaping also require careful consideration to avoid unnecessary expenses and ensure the aesthetic appeal of the garden.

Additionally, an effective maintenance and management plan is necessary to keep the public flower garden consistently fresh and beautiful.

Aesthetic Factors

The landscape of the flower garden needs to be designed harmoniously, scientifically, creating a sense of relaxation and comfort for users. This requires a harmonious combination of elements such as color, shape, size, and the positioning of various types of plants, landscaping, and walkways.

Furthermore, attention should be given to the use of fragrant plants to provide a pleasant and relaxing experience for people walking in the public flower garden.

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Types of Landscapes in Public Flower Gardens

There are various types of landscapes applied in public flower gardens depending on the usage purposes and characteristics of the area. Below are some common types of landscapes in public flower gardens.

Public flower gardens are often divided into different zones with various functions, such as greenery zones, landscaping areas, walkway zones, or utility areas. This zoning helps optimize space usage and ensures the aesthetic appeal of the garden.

  • Greenery System: The greenery system is a crucial element in the landscape of public flower gardens. The selected greenery must withstand the weather conditions and environment of the area, creating a cool and beautiful green space. In addition to traditional greenery like rubber trees, oak trees, or willows, flowering plants can also be used to accentuate the garden. However, regular maintenance and pruning are essential to ensure aesthetics and safety for users.
  • Walkway System: The walkway system is vital for easy movement and enjoyment of the green space in public flower gardens. Walkways should be designed to be spacious, well-ventilated, and illuminated for nighttime use. Additionally, attention should be paid to the rational arrangement of walkways, creating a logical connection between different areas in the garden.
  • Lighting System: The lighting system is essential for creating a warm and safe environment for people using the public flower garden at night. Choosing suitable lights and arranging them to ensure aesthetics is crucial.
  • Landscaping System: The landscaping system includes various arrangements of plants, flowers, and rocks to create green walls, miniature landscapes, or relaxation areas. Landscaping serves not only as a focal point for the garden but also contributes to the balance and harmony of the surrounding space.
  • Utility System: In addition to decorative elements, utilities such as seating, reading tables, or play areas for children are necessary to enhance practicality and attract people to use the public flower garden.

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Maintenance and Management of Public Flower Garden Landscapes

To ensure sustainability and attractiveness of the public flower garden, regular maintenance and management are crucial. Maintenance activities include pruning trees, maintaining walkways and landscaping, checking lighting systems, and utilities.

Furthermore, an efficient management plan is necessary to ensure safety and convenience for people using the public flower garden. The selection and training of management staff are also crucial to ensure professional maintenance and management activities.

Public flower garden landscapes not only serve as highlights for the city but also contribute to building a green and sustainable living environment. The design and management of public flower garden landscapes need to be carried out scientifically and professionally to ensure aesthetics and sustainability. Additionally, active participation and positive response from the community are crucial factors for maintaining and developing the public flower garden in the city.

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